2018 - Is a self-sufficient building energy efficient? Lesson learned from a case study in Mediterranean climate
In this paper, the energy performance of an energy self-sufficient residential building, located in the outskirt of L’Aquila city, in central Italy, is presented. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that even a self- sufficient building, that represents a still uncommon construction in the Mediterranean area, can have optimization margins. The analysis is performed via calibrated model carried out with EnergyPlus™ engine coupled with DesignBuilder. The results of this study show a substantial discrepancy between the high efficiency of the envelope, and the poor performance of the heating system. Therefore, five possible scenarios, that differ for the technological plant, were hypothesized. Based on the total thermal energy consumption of the heating system as it is, equal to 29.9 kWh/m2 y, the proposed multi-scenario analysis allows to identify a solution that ensures energy savings up to 67.1%. In this study, these results indicate that a proper a priori study of building’s thermal load by considering different plant typologies could help to choose the better solutions for realizing efficient buildings.
Tullio de Rubeis, Iole Nardi, Dario Ambrosini, Domenica Paoletti